FARSI OR PERSIAN LANGUAGE

FARSI OR PERSIAN LANGUAGE

Local languages in Iran

The official language of Iran is Persian. Since all schools throughout the country use the Persian language, everybody in Iran can Speak Persian fluently with the exception of very few elderly who live in rural areas. The exact rate of literacy is not exactly clear, because of the difference in literacy definition but the rate of illiteracy is between 3.6% to 14% which are usually in the over 50 years old age group. In big cities this rate is lower.

Beside the official language of Iran ,Persian, there are 5 other languages that are spoken throughout the country:

• Turkish: This language is commonly spoken in the northwest provinces of Iran. Turkish itself has many dialects with in Iran also, it is spoken with different dialects based on location. Since many Turkish speakers have migrated to Tehran, its not strange to hear people talking Turkish in Tehran.

• Kurdish: Spoken in the west of Iran, is a indo-european language spoken in Iran, Syria, Turkey, Armanestan and Turkmenistan.

• Baluchi: This language spoken in southeast Iran in Sistan and Baluchestan province has its own various dialects.

• Armanian: Indo-europian language, spoken in Armenia. Christians in Iran speak this language.

• Arabic: Entered into Iran 1400 years ago with Islam. Main language in the south along the Persian gulf.

Besides these languages there are a great many dialects that are spoken all of the coutry. For more information in language spoken in Iran click here.

Useful words & phrases :

Basic Numbers Shopping Dinnig
Travel Accommodation Directions Times

Farsi/Persian Alphabet
Farsi is written from right to left; Both words & numbers.
Its alphabet consists of 32 letters which some of them have a similar sound. Short vowels are not written in Farsi. Each alphabet letter has two forms : Capital & Small.
Letters are attached together to form words. Contrary to English, words end in capital letters.
Below, you find the Farsi / Persian alphabet.

Persion

BASIC WORDS & PHRASES
English Farsi English Farsi
Yes

ba’le

I man
No na You (singular, familiar) to
Thank you mot’sha’keram / merci You (singular, formal) shoma
Thank you very much khei’li mot-sha’keram He / She ou
Please lotfan It oon
Excuse me bebakh’shid We ma
Hello salam You (plural) shoma
Good bye khoda’hafez They ishan
See you be’omide’didar
Good morning sobh be’kheir What is Your name? esme shoma chist?
Good day rooz be’kheir My name is … . esme man … ast.
Good evening asr be’kheir Nice to meet you. khosh’vagh’tam.
Good night shab be’kheir How are you? hal’e shoma che’tor’e?
Good khoob
I don’t understand man ne’mi’fahmam Bad bad
I don’t know Farsi man farsi balad nis’tam
I know English man ingilisi mi’doo’nam Wife zan / khanoom
Do you speak English? Shoma ingilisi mi-doo’nid? Husband shohar
French faransavi spouse hamsar
Spanish espanioli son / boy pesar
German almani daughter / girl dokhtar
Japanese japoni mother madar
Turkish turki father pedar
friend doost
Why? chera? sister khahar
What? chi? brother baradar
Where? koja? Mr. / Man agha
When? kay? Mrs. / Ms. / Lady khanoom
How? chetor?
NUMBERS
English Farsi English Farsi English Farsi
Zero (0) sefr one hundred (100) sad
One (1) yek Twenty (20) bist two hundreds (200) devist
Two (2) dow Thirty (30) see three hundrads (300) si-sad
Three (3) se Forty (40) chehel four hundreds (400) chahar-sad
Four (4) chahar Fifty (50) panjah five hundreds (500) pan-sad
Five (5) panj Sixty (60) shast six hundreds (600) shish-sad
Six (6) shesh Seventy (70) haftad seven hundreds (700) haft-sad
Seven (7) haft Eighty (80) hashtad eight hundreds (800) hasht-sad
Eight (8) hasht Ninety (90) navad nine hundreds (900) noh-sad
Nine (9) noh
Thousand (1000) hezar Million (1,000,000) Milion

Other Farsi numbers can be made using the above numbers in the same way that English numbers are made.

For example :

62 : Sixty Two : .shast ow dow.
.
253 : Two Hundreds Fifty Three : ..devist ow panjah ow se.
.
4,127 : Four Thousand & Hundred Twenty Seven : .chahar hezar ow sad ow bist ow haft.
.
56,825
: Fifty Six Thousand & Eight Hundred twenty five : .panjah ow shesh hezar ow hashtsad ow bist ow panj.

455,917
: Four Hundred Fifty Five Thousands & Nine Hundred Seventeen : .chahar-sad ow panjah ow panj hezar ow noh-sad ow hef-dah.
(ow = and)

SHOPPING DINNING
English Farsi English Farsi
How much does it cost? gheimat-e in chand ast? Breakfast sob’han’e
What is this? in chist? Lunch na’har
I buy it. man in ra mikharam Dinner sham
I would like to buy … . man mikham … ra bekharam Vegeterian sabzikhar
Do you have …? Aya shoma … darid? Please bring the bill lotfan hesab ra biavarid
Do you accept credit cards? Aya shoma credit card ghabool mikonid?
Open baz Restaurant resturan
Closed basteh Bread nan
Postcard cart’postal Beverage nooshidani
Stamps tambr Coffee ghah’ve
A little yek kam Tea chai
A lot zi’yad Juice abmiv’e
All ham’e Water ab
Salt namak
Shop forooshgah Pepper felfel
Shopping center markaz-e kharid Meat goosht
Discount takhfif Fish mahi
Souvenir soghat Poultry morgh
Handicraft sanay’e dasti Vegetable sabzi
Nuts khoshkbar Fruit miv-e
Pistachio pest-e Potato / French fries sib’zamini
Dates khorma Salad salad
Carpet farsh Dessert deser
Ice cram bastani
Soft drink Nooshab’e
Water Pipe Ghalyoon
TRAVEL ACCOMMODATION
English Farsi English Farsi
Where is …? … kojast? Hotel hotel
How much is the fare? bilit chand ast? Hostel mosafer-khan-e
Ticket bilit Room otagh
One ticket to …, please. yek bilit be …, lotfan. Reservation reservasion
Where are you going? koja miravid? Are there any vacancies for tonight? aya baray-e emshab ja darid?
Where do you live? koja zendegi mikonid No vacancies Ja nadariam.
Flight parvaz Single room otagh-e tek-takht-e
Train ghatar Double room otagh-e dow-takht-e
Bus otooboos Extra bed takht-e ezaf-e
Subway / Underground metro I want to stay for … nights. man mikhaham … shab bemanam.
Airport foroodgah Bed takht
Train station istgah-e ghatar Bath hammam
Bus Stop istgah-e otooboos Shower doush
Bus Station / Terminal Terminal Toilet towalet
Subway/Underground Station istgah-e metro Floor tabagh-e
Departure khorooj Lift / Elevator asansor
Arrival vorrod Location mo’ghe’iat
Car Rental mashin-e keray-e
Parking parking Tourist Information et’tela’at’e turisti
Taxi taxi Passport passport
DIRECTIONS TIMES
Left chap What day is today? emrooz che roozi ast?
Right rast What time is it? saat chan ast?
Straight mostaghim 10:17 dah va hefdah daghi’ghe
Up bala 1:30 yek va see daghi’ghe
Down pa’in Second sani’ye
Far door Minute daghi’ghe
Near / Close nazdik Hour sa’at
Long toolani / deraz Day rooz
Short kootah Week haft’e
Map nagh’sh-e Month mah
North shomal Year sal
South jonoob Today emrooz
East shargh Yesterday dirooz
West gharb Tomorrow farda
Tonight emshab
Saturday shan’be
Sunday yek’shan’be
Monday dow’shan’be
Tuesday se’shan’be
Wednesday char’shan’be
Thursday panj’shan’be
Friday jom-e
night shab

 

English language in Iran

Iran which is on the path of becoming a modern country, in the past few decades, English language education has been taken very seriously. The younger generation have relatively high English language abilities. Most tourist that visit Iran are surprised of the number of people who have English language abilities.

Until 1950’s the second official language of Iran was French. Many French words remain in the Persian everyday language. In Iran the months of the calendar are called with their French pronunciation. But for the last 50 years English is the second language of country.

Since in the last 35 years the number of foreigners visiting the country was very low, English translating was not necessary. There for its hard to find English translation on tickers or brochures. You may encounter very funny English translations especially in smaller towns.

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