A Brief About Ardabil:
Ardebil stands about 60km from the Caspian Sea. It is located on an open plain 1,400 m above sea level, just east of Mount Sabalan (4,811 m), where cold spells occur until late spring. Access is made by difficult roads. It is surrounded by vast areas of grazing grounds, without trees. It suffered a major earthquake in 1997, causing hundreds of fatalities.
The city of Ardabil, as the capital of the province, is located at a distance of 639 kilometers from Tehran, west to the volcanic mountain of Sabalan. The weather of the province varies between extreme cold on the mountainous areas, to moderate on the plains. The name of Ardabil came from a Zoroastrian name of “Artavil” (mentioned in Avesta) which means a holy place. Some historians attribute the foundation of Ardabil to “Bazan Firuz”.
Ardabil Travel Guide
Ardabil is a historical city in north-western Iran. The name Ardabil probably comes from the Zoroastrian name of “Artavil”, which means a holy place. Ardebil was the spiritual birthplace of Iran’s first Shiite ruling dynasty, the Safavids. During the period from the end of the 13th century to the beginning of the 14th, a Sunni Dervish named Safi Al-Din founded the “Safavieh”, an order of Sufi mystics who later converted to Shiism and established themselves in opposition to the ruling Mongol dynasty. Ardabil is also known as the seat of a World Heritage Site: the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safî ad-Dîn, eponym of the Safavid Dynasty.
Ardabil Tourist Attractions List:
Sheikh Safi-edin Ardabily Mausoleum
It is composed of a series of monuments built in various periods that was shaped as a complex for the first time by Shah Tahmasb. Later Shah Abbas added to the previous ones and renovated some sections. This historical complex is closely intertwined with the history of the Safavid Dynasty. Some of the Safavid kings as well as Shah Esmail I have been buried at this site. The main section of the mausoleum is composed of a circular tower with circumference of 22 m. which is about 17 meters high. In the interior of this monument, near Sheikh Safi’s tomb, the tomb of his son (the founder of mausoleum) and those of other family members can be found.
At the time of Naseredin Shah Qajar, i.e., about 115 years ago, major renovations took place and some changes were made to the complex. This site has been a major attraction for domestic and international tourists.
Main sections of the complex are the followings: the gate, the large court, the small court, the graveyard court, Shahidgah (martyrdom place), Janat Sara Mosque and Cheleh Khaneh which encircles Qandil Khaneh, Haramkhaneh and Chini Khaneh. The Allah Allah Dome is very famous and probably the most spectacular part of the complex.
Ardabil Bazaar, Ardabil
In the heart of the Ardabil city, this bazaar stands as old as the Islamic period. It’s shape was described by the historians of 4th century AH. as a cross, extending in four directions with simply designed domes. Most sections of the bazaar have been constructed and renovated during the Safavid and Zand periods.
, Meshkin Shahr
This graveyard is located in the Onar Village, 24 km. from Meshkin Shahr. It has a diversity of tombstones including some with the design of a star or other decorations. In this graveyard several historical objects have been found.
One of the most interesting mountains of Iran, with an altitude of about 4,800 m., is Sabalan which is originally a volcanic mountain. The summit is located 41 km. from Ardabil and can be easily observed while traveling on the road to Sar Ein and Ardabil. There is a lake on top of the Sabalan Mountain, which is a major attraction for professional hikers.
This lake is located 48 km. southeast of the city of Ardabil, in an altitude of 2,700 m. above sea level. With an area of more than 220 hectares, it is composed of a smaller and a larger basin, which gets connected in rainy seasons forming a single lake. The Maximum depth of this lake reaches 5.5 m. with the average of 3 m. depth. The Neor Lake is the habitat of rainbow trout and birds such as ruddy shelduck and migrant swallows. Sports, fishing and other recreational activities are common and popular at this site.
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|Visa requirements||Iran Visa Page|
|Languages spoken||Turkish Azari And Farsi|
|Area (km2)||17,800 km²|