Geography and History
The province of Fars (pars), with an area of 133,000 Kilometers,is located south to the province of Esfahan. Its main cities,towns and district are: Abadeh, Darab, Estahban, Fasa, Firooz Abad, Iqleed, Jahrum, Sapeedan, Shiraz, Kazeroon, Lamard, Mamesani, Marvdasht and Nayreez, while the Beautiful city of Shiraz is its Provincial capital.
In 1996, the population of the province was 3,817,000, from which 56.7% were registered are urban dwellers,41.0% villagers and 1.4% nomad tribes.
The mountain chains of Zagros crosses the province from the north-west towards the south-east, and divides the province into 2 distinguishable parts, the first is located on the north and north-west, while the second is located on the south and the south-east of the province, and both are mountainous highlands. The northern part start from the mounts of Samirum, and ends south to Abadeh, in a Point called Koohe-Azamat, and its difficult cross which is called Koly Kush. The southern Part is consisted of highlands of Shiraz area, including Maharloo, Kharman and Toraj Mountains Joints the Kouhkiloyeh province highlands towards Mamesani mountains, and including Darab muntains and the Tangistan highland.
There are three distinguishable climatic region in the province, the first , covers the northern, the western and the north-West mountainous area , which is significant for its cold and moderate weather, as well as its significant green land. The second region is central, which is significant for its moderate winter with plenty of rain, and worm and dry summer. The third region is located on the south and the south-east of the province, which is significantly dry and moderate in winter, and very hot in summer, because of its lowland. It should be mentioned here that the average (General ) of the temperature of the city of Shiraz is 16.8 C, the average of the highest recorded at 29.2 C, while the lowest average is 4.7 C, degree.
The Province of Fars is one of the most famous Province of the Old Persian Empire, and modern Iran. It is located in a specious region of the oldest human civilization of the world, and it was the capital of the Persian Empire for many centuries. Befor the Islamic Period, two commanders raised from this region and each estabilished a big monarch; the first, the Achaemands by the King Syrus, and the second is the Sasanid, by the king Ardasheer Babekan. After the Acaemands were over turned by the Alexander( so called the Great), the Salukis were brought to power in 311 BC, and built many cities in the Fars region. Meanwhile, local Iranian powers estabilished thier local governments in the central part of the region, in an area called Estakhr. Some coins remained from these local governments which belong to the year 250 BC, contain some Iranian faces and fire places which indicate the Iranian Zeradoust. However, the Pars region was a part of the Salukis Empire till the Antioukhous IV Period. After the Partians liberated the central Parts of the Salukis Empire, Pars became independent state. For this historical marvelous background many different historical and ancient marks and places remained to the day time in the province. Each one of these many historical and ancient remaining has its own values as a world-wide heritage and reflects the history of the province and the contry.
Natural views and landscape of the Province have remarkable values not only in local, but national level too. More than 280 leisure places and malls are registered in the province which provide remarkable and suitable enviroment for leisure and recreation activities for local people as well as international tourists.
The district of Nayreez, Estahban, Sapeedan and Kazerron provide endless naturall beauties which receive thousands of intersted people in natural leisure.
The beautiful costs of the Bakhteghan lake, the palangan Spring, Ze narrow way, and Jazeen narrow way which are located in the district of Nayreez provide a marvelous views of lakes, costs, and woodlands covered with wonderful views of fruit trees and forests. Palangan strait is located on the northern part of the Nayreez district, which is covered with beautiful forest trees an dfull of springs which provide suitable leisure places for picnic and hill walk activities.
Wild life in Bacbac area accommodates rare birds, while water falls and woollands of Sultan Shahbaz area,Marghab strait in the district of Estahban are of the main malls of the province.
Margoon water fall, Teezab strait, Chelle-Gaah mall, Ship-Peer and the Ski site of Sepeedan district demonstrate wonderful views of beautiful mountainous areas, and provide remarkable places for recreation and relaxation activities on the north-west part of the province. A couple of Ski sites are in this district which are suitable for skiing by thousands of sport lovers very year.
The cultural and the art of the province consist a large part of the world cultural and art sources. National and local cultur in Fars is extremely rich and includes different kinds of ceremonies, Poet, literature, song and Dances. The province has hosted, for a long time different kind of people because of its location near the Persian Gulf, and its many resources. Different people have lived in the province such as the Aryans, the Samis and the Turks, who worked together to form The Iranian culture.However, the native nomad tribes such as the Qashqais, the Mamesanis the Khamsas and the Koohkeloians, are still conserving a large part of the native culture of the region. All these significant characteristics form remarkable tourism attraction.
A brief mention of the historical attraction as well as the tourism facilities of different district of the province,may help enjoying your travel.
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|Visa requirements||Iran Visa Page|
|Languages spoken||Farsi Or Persion|
|Area (km2)||122 Km2|