General

Tuğrul Tower is a 12th-century monument, located in the city of Rey, Iran. Tuğrul Tower is near Rashkan castle.The 20 meters tall brick tower is the tomb of Seljuk ruler Tuğrul Beg, who died in Rey in 1063. Originally, like other monuments of its time, it was capped by a conical dome, which would have added to its height. The dome collapsed during an earthquake.
The thickness of the walls varies from 1.75 to 2.75 meters. The inner and outer diameters are 11 and 16 meters, respectively. The exterior shape is that of a polygon with 24 angles in its design, which is thought to contribute to the structure’s stability against tremors.At the top of the tower Kufic inscriptions were originally observable. Naser al-Din Shah ordered some restorations to be made to the top part of the tower, which was collapsing in 1884.
The tower’s height is about 20 meters; its internal and external diameters are 11 and 16 meters, respectively. The tower is indeed a solar clock; its external surface is divided into 24 facets (representing 24 hours) and on the upper part of each facet there are four semi-circles each representing a quarter of an hour.
A little more upward, there are six rectangles each representing 10 minutes and there are also very small grooves on them, showing the seconds. Any new position of the sun will change the shadows of these forms, revealing the exact time.
It is said that the tower is also the grave of Toghrol, the Seljuk king, because of his interest in astronomy.Also known as Mongol Tower and facing the Ibn-e Babeveyh Mausoleum, the structure is a slightly embellished with deeply grooved brickwork. The monumental doorway at the south side has an impressive simplicity.
All the historical and artistic features and evidences indicative of its Seljuk origin, have been destroyed during reparations carried out in 1882 CE. Thus this ancient structure looks like a modern building.The tower is protected by Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization.

Toghrol Tower Other Facts:

The original dome of the tower collapsed following an earthquake.
The 24 sided polygon cross-section shape is believed to help protect the structure against earthquakes.
The tower, on the orders of Nasereddin Shah, underwent some restorations in 1884 because sections of the top were collapsing.

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